消息回撤


消息回撤:当A用户发消息给B用户后,可以在一段时间内将消息回撤。

消息回撤过程

A用户发消息给B用户,当需要回撤的时候,将要回撤消息的id通过扩展消息发送给B,B检测到回撤的透传消息后,将对应 messageid 的消息从数据库删除。

  1. A用户发送消息。
  2. A用户需要撤回某条消息,将消息id通过扩展消息发送到用户B。
  3. B用户收到扩展消息,解析其中的messageid,从数据库删除对应消息。

注:“扩展消息”指透传消息,它是一种特殊类型的消息,收发双方不会存数据库,同时用户离线时也不会有推送,比较适合配合业务来处理一些功能。

发送要回撤的透传消息

Android示例

EMMessage cmdMsg = EMMessage.createSendMessage(EMMessage.Type.CMD);
// 如果是群聊,设置chattype,默认是单聊
if (chatType == CHATTYPE_GROUP){
	cmdMsg.setChatType(ChatType.GroupChat);
}
String action="REVOKE_FLAG";
CmdMessageBody cmdBody=new CmdMessageBody(action);
// 设置消息body
cmdMsg.addBody(cmdBody);
// 设置要发给谁,用户username或者群聊groupid
cmdMsg.setReceipt(toChatUsername);
// 通过扩展字段添加要撤回消息的id
cmdMsg.setAttribute("msgId",msgid);

EMChatManager.getInstance().sendMessage(cmdMsg,new EMCallBack() {
	@Override
	public void onSuccess() {}
				
	@Override
	public void onProgress(int progress, String status) {}
				
	@Override
	public void onError(int code, String error) {}
});

iOS示例

// 发送回撤的透传消息
- (void)revokeMessageWithMessageId:(NSString *)aMessageId
                    conversationId:(NSString *)conversationId
{
    EMCmdMessageBody *body = [[EMCmdMessageBody alloc] initWithAction:@"REVOKE_FLAG"];
    NSDictionary *ext = @{@"msgId":aMessageId};
    NSString *currentUsername = [EMClient sharedClient].currentUsername;
    EMMessage *message = [[EMMessage alloc] initWithConversationID:conversationId
                                                          from:currentUsername
                                                            to:conversationId
                                                          body:body
                                                           ext:ext];
    //发送cmd消息
    [[EMClient sharedClient].chatManager sendMessage:message
                                            progress:nil
                                          completion:^(EMMessage *message, EMError *error) {
                                              if (!error) {
                                                  NSLog(@"发送成功");
                                              }
                                          }];
    
}

接收透传信息,删除要回撤的消息

Android示例

EMChatManager.getInstance().registerEventListener(new EMEventListener() {
		
	@Override
	public void onEvent(EMNotifierEvent event) {
		switch (event.getEvent()) {
		case EventNewCMDMessage: // CMD消息
		{
			EMMessage message = (EMMessage) event.getData();
			CmdMessageBody cmdMsgBody = (CmdMessageBody) message.getBody();
			String action = cmdMsgBody.action;//获取自定义action
			if(action.equals("REVOKE_FLAG")){
				try {
					String msgId = message.getStringAttribute("msgId");
					EMConversation conversation = EMChatManager.getInstance().getConversation(message.getFrom());
					--删除消息来表示撤回--
					conversation.removeMessage(msgId);
					// 如果需要,可以插入一条“XXX回撤一条消息”
				} catch (EaseMobException e) {
					// TODO Auto-generated catch block
					e.printStackTrace();
				}

			}
			break;
		}
		default:
			break;
		}			
	}
}, new EMNotifierEvent.Event[] { EMNotifierEvent.Event.EventNewCMDMessage});

iOS示例

// 接收透传消息
- (void)cmdMessagesDidReceive:(NSArray *)aCmdMessages {
    NSMutableArray *revokeMessageIds = nil;
    for (EMMessage *cmdMessage in aCmdMessages)
    {
        EMCmdMessageBody *body = (EMCmdMessageBody *)cmdMessage.body;
        if ([body.action isEqualToString:@"REVOKE_FLAG"]) {
            NSString *revokeMessageId = cmdMessage.ext[@"msgId"];
            BOOL isSuccess = [self removeRevokeMessageWithChatter:cmdMessage.from
                                                 conversationType:(EMConversationType)cmdMessage.chatType
                                                        messageId:revokeMessageId];
            if (isSuccess) {
                // update ui,如果需要,可以插入一条“XXX回撤一条消息”
            }
        }
    }
}

// 删除消息
- (BOOL)removeRevokeMessageWithChatter:(NSString *)aChatter
                      conversationType:(EMConversationType)type
                             messageId:(NSString *)messageId{
    
    EMConversation *conversation = [[EMClient sharedClient].chatManager getConversation:aChatter type:type createIfNotExist:YES];
    EMError *error = nil;
    [conversation deleteMessageWithId:messageId error:&error];
    return !error;
}


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